Estrategia nacional peruana contra la propagación de la pandemia del coronavirus (COVID-19)

Autores/as

  • Karina Alvarado Universidad Tecnológica del Peru. Lima, Perú.
  • Susan Alvarado Seguro Social Essalud. Lima, Perú.
  • Doris Esenarro Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal. Facultad de Ingeniería Geográfica, Ambiental y Ecoturismo. Lima, Perú.
  • Ciro Rodríguez Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Factultad de Ingenieria. Lima, Perú.
  • Jose Iannacone Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemática. Lima, Perú.
  • Lorena Alvariño Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas. Universidad Ricardo Palma. Lima, Perú.
  • Wilson Vásquez Universidad Privada del Norte. Lima, Perú.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24039/cv202081767

Palabras clave:

COVID-19, estrategias, propagación, protocolos

Resumen

La presente investigación es el estudio del caso Perú sobre las estrategias implementadas por el gobierno peruano a partir de la detección del paciente cero con el objetivo de contener la propagación de la pandemia por el coronavirus COVID-19 decretada por la OMS. Se detalla el comportamiento de la evolución de la cantidad de infectados a partir del 6 marzo al 24 de abril 2020. El primer grupo de medidas se adoptaron a partir de la detección del paciente cero hasta la declaración por la OMS (Organización Mundial de la Salud) como pandemia, acompañado de la implementación de protocolos acoplados a nuestro sistema de salud y medidas tomadas por el gobierno peruano mediante Decreto Supremo 008-2020-SA declarando emergencia sanitaria a nivel nacional por un plazo de 90 días. Posteriormente se pasó a tomar una serie de medidas evaluadas desde el 12 al 26 de marzo y del 27 de marzo al 24 de abril 2020, fecha que finaliza el presente estudio, detallando las estrategias consideradas por el gobierno peruano contra la propagación del coronavirus COVID-19. Entre las principales acciones adoptadas por el gobierno peruano ante COVID-19 tenemos: (1) restricciones de movilización de personas; (2) suspensión de reuniones y eventos públicos y privados; (3) cierre de fronteras a nivel internacional y el traslado de personas a diferentes departamentos en territorio peruano; (4) suspensión de clases en instituciones educativas (educación básica, centro de educación técnicas productivas y universidades), y (5) facilidades e incentivos económicos asistenciales.

Palabras clave: COVID-19, estrategias, propagación, protocolos.

 

 

ABSTRACT

The present investigation is the study of the Peru case on the strategies implemented by the Peruvian government from the detection of patient zero with the objective of containing the spread of the pandemic decreed by the WHO for the coronavirus COVID-19.The behavior of the evolution of the number of infected from March 6 to April 24, 2020 is detailed. The first groups of measures were adopted from the detection of patient zero until the declaration by the WHO (World Health Organization) as a pandemic, accompanied by the implementation of protocols coupled to our health system and measures taken by the Peruvian government through Supreme Decree 008-2020-SA declaring a national health emergency for a period of 90 days. Subsequently, a series of measures evaluated were taken from March 12 to 26 and from March 27 to April 24, 2020, the date this study ends, detailing the strategies considered by the Peruvian government against the spread of the coronavirus COVID -19. Among the main actions taken by the Peruvian government before COVID-19 we have: (1) restrictions on the mobilization of people; (2) suspension of public and private meetings and events; (3) closure of borders at the international level and the transfer of people to different departments in Peruvian territory; (4) suspension of classes in educational institutions (Basic education, productive technical education center and universities), and (5) facilities and economic assistance incentives.

Keywords: COVID-19, Propagation, Protocols, Strategy.

 

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Publicado

2020-08-17

Cómo citar

Alvarado, K., Alvarado, S., Esenarro, D., Rodríguez, C., Iannacone, J., Alvariño, L., & Vásquez, W. (2020). Estrategia nacional peruana contra la propagación de la pandemia del coronavirus (COVID-19). Cátedra Villarreal, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.24039/cv202081767

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